Chandrayaan-3 Successfully Lands on Moon


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) achieved a historic milestone on Wednesday evening by successfully carrying out a soft landing on the surface of the moon with the Chandrasouth Pole spacecraft, strengthening India's standing as a global space power. With the accomplishment of this mission, India has become the fourth country to reach the surface of the moon and the fourth country to successfully land a spacecraft there.

At 6:04 PM (IST), India's Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft made a smooth landing on the moon's surface, ending the disappointment of Chandrayaan-2's lander's crash landing four years earlier.

While India's space program is praised for pulling off this feat on a shoestring budget, C Raja Mohan contends in this article that cutting-edge and economical tactics will no longer be sufficient to bring India dramatic changes in global lunar activities. However, in a special piece in The Express, Nalini Singh makes a forceful appeal to politicians: "Please refrain from using this momentous achievement to gain political mileage, or from appearing on live broadcasts to congratulate the ISRO Chairman." In this part, myths, tales, and legends about heavenly bodies are retold by author Devdutt Pattnaik, who is renowned for debunking urban legends. These myths, tales, and legends are essential to our cultural truth and Indian identity.

This mission would strengthen India's standing as a major space power. Only the former Soviet Union, China, and the United States had made successful soft landings on the moon before this. The southern pole of the moon is where Chandrayaan-3 will land; this area is vital for spacefaring nations due to its strategic and scientific value. Scientists think that this area has water ice supplies hidden in dark craters that might be used as resources for upcoming missions, possibly as rocket propellant or even as a source of drinking water.

While at the BRICS summit in South Africa, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually observed the landing and provided his thoughts via livestream.He said, "On this occasion of joy, I want to address all the people of the world." "India has accomplished more than simply itself with its successful moon mission. The world is paying attention to India's G20 chairmanship this year. Globally, people are connecting with our concept of one Earth, one family, and one future. Everyone has praised the human-centric strategy we propose and stand for. This human-centric approach also informs our lunar expedition, Modi remarked. Therefore, this accomplishment belongs to all of humanity and will support future lunar missions by other nations.

Only a few days have passed since another nation's failed attempt before India's attempt to land its spacecraft close to the southern pole of the moon. Russia's first lunar landing attempt in 47 years was aborted on August 19 after its Luna 25 spacecraft crashed on the moon due to an engine issue. The Chandrayaan-3 Journey Images were taken by Chandrayaan-3's cameras as it got closer to the moon, including one from August 20 that the Indian space agency released on Tuesday. A lander, a rover, and a propulsion module make up India's lunar lander, which has the requisite thrust to travel the 384,400 kilometers (238,855 miles) between the moon and Earth.

After separating from the propulsion module, the lander, called Vikram, executed precise maneuvers to make a soft touchdown on the lunar surface. Pragyan, a small, six-wheeled rover that is concealed within, will roll out from the lander using a ramp. Vikram softly shut down its engines for the touchdown at 6 PM and utilized its on-board thrusters to properly orient itself forward once it was close to the moon's surface. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) announced that two-way communication with the spacecraft had been established and provided the first photographs of the lunar surface obtained during the final descent as cheers erupted from the mission control room.

Both the 26-kilogram (57.3-pound) rover named Pragyan and the rover called Vikram, which weighs about 1,700 kilograms (3,748 pounds), are outfitted with scientific tools to collect data for evaluating the lunar surface and offering new insights into its structure. The addition of a seismometer in the lander, which will try to detect moonquakes in the lunar interior, excited Dr. Angela Marusiak, assistant research professor at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona.

For upcoming trips to the moon's surface, Marusiak said that knowing how the moon's interior layers move could be crucial information.

You want to make sure that any prospective seismic activity won't endanger any space travelers, Marusiak said. Or, if we built structures on the moon, those structures would be secure from seismic action. On the lunar surface, the lander and rover should work for around two weeks. India has joined the second wave of burgeoning space powers through cooperation with nations like the US and France. One of the busiest and most ambitious initiatives in the field of space exploration, the nation's space program has advanced over time. Chandrayaan-3 has generated a great deal of attention and pride for India as a whole. A large audience gathered to see the mission's launch in July at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre's launch pad in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. To see the landing, more than 8 million people tuned in to the live feed.

At least 500 people gathered at the Indian Space Research and Development Organization (ISRO) in New Delhi on Wednesday to watch a live webcast in an auditorium and a hastily constructed temporary tent. Indian sweets were given out to spectators, fireworks were lit off, and applause erupted for more than a minute after it was confirmed that the landing was successful.

Chants of "Victory for Mother India" or "Victory for India" could be heard, as children enthusiastically waved the Indian flag.

The mission from India is much more significant now that India's last attempt, the Chandrayaan-2 mission, failed in 2019. After China, India is become the second nation in the twenty-first century to successfully land a spacecraft on the moon thanks to Chandrayaan-3. Since 2013, India has successfully launched three lunar landers, including the first one to contact the moon's far side. (The Apollo 17 mission, the last American lunar lander, set foot on the moon in 1972.)

More than a dozen nations are preparing lunar missions over the upcoming years. This includes a mission by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) that will launch at the end of this month and three commercial lunar landers that the United States intends to launch this year. The Artemis III project, which might return astronauts to the moon by 2025, is still under development by NASA.

Landing on the moon is still a difficult task, though. Chandrayaan-2, India's most recent attempt to set foot on the moon's surface, proved failed in 2019. Two commercial lunar landers crashed on the moon's surface more recently: one from Japan in April and one from Israel in 2019.

"Congratulations to #India for successfully landing a spacecraft on the moon, becoming the fourth country to achieve a soft landing!" Nelson wrote in a social media post on Wednesday. The Artemis Accords, which lay out guidelines for future lunar exploration, are also signed by India. China and Russia have not ratified the agreements.

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